The ice breaks many cold relationships, when ice cubes are poured into the drinks. The ice has become a necessity in the modern era for multiple reasons. The ice in different forms is needed for industrial to home for several applications. Hence, Ice Making Machines have also become important gadgets in the contemporary era. The ice making machines are available in different models with unique features.
Significantly, the info on different types and shapes of ice and ice makers can help you to focus on types of ice that you need. Of course, considering your penchant for beverages, food displays, special events, and assorted commercial needs.
Basically, any ice maker has components that make the ice making possible:
- Water as raw material to make ice
- The power supply to run motors
How Ice Maker works – Generic Overview
Basically, at home freezer one pours the water into the mold, leave it in the freezer until it turns solid and then extract the ice cubes. The ice maker works on the same methodology, but with certain automation of pouring water and taking out solid ice cubes.
The refrigeration basically has four segments.
- The compressor- The compressor compresses the low-pressure vapors and sends them to the condenser at high-pressure.
- Condenser- Here that vapor is condensed into high-pressure liquid
- Throttle valve- That liquid is drained out through throttle valve to convert into the low-pressure liquid.
- Evaporator- Here in the evaporator, the heat exchange happens that helps freeze and make ice.
8 Types of Ice: Its Application and How Ice Machine Produces It
Ice can be made in diverse shapes and for different purposes by different varieties of ice making machines. This will help you to focus on certain type of ice applicable for the purpose like beverages, food showcase, and social events & parties.
1. Scale Ice
The scale ice is not consistent in size although its thickness remains between 1 to 2 mm. This ice is used in commercial fishing, reactor cooling, and concrete cooling.
Among its main users are three sectors:
- Fishing – These large pieces of ice are good for layering and preserving the fishes till they reach its storing or market destination. +2°C is the maximum temperature required to sustain and preserve the fishes until certain duration, otherwise -7°C is mandatory.
- Construction- For concrete mixer cooling, the scale or flake ice is required.
- Reactors – These are required to be cooled by ice.
How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Scale Ice?
Scale ice is made in distinct horizontal or vertical drums of the industrial ice makers. The scale ice forms on the inner and outer drums by applying a thin layer of water. After freezing process, a thin layer of scale ice is visible which is hammered, chiseled out in large and thin pieces, and kept under -7°C.
The scale ice making machines are either vertical, which is stationary or horizontal type of drum that rotates. To crack them vertical drums have moving blades and in rotating horizontal type the blades remain stationary to crack the hard ice from the surface. Its production cost rises when 1 MT ice is produced, hence anything less than 5 MT is not viable. The ice making machines of capacity from 5 MT to 30 MT are generally available.
2. Granular Ice
Alike scale ice, granular ice is also the flake ice that is used for commercial purpose. Its size varies from 1 mm to 9 mm in thickness. The thinner granular ice is called crushed ice, fine ice, or even micro ice. The medium and bigger sized ice grains are called flake ice or chip ice.
These ice-making machines produce 30 Kg to 1500 kg of ice. Its maximum production is 10 MT per day as this is the maximum capacity designed for this category. Suitable for the warm environment and be stored for long without getting lumps between +2°C to +10°C. This can’t be stored below 0° and its production cost above 15 MT proves expensive.
Granular ice is used commercially for different purposes.
- Fish storage by retailers and supermarkets
3. Tube Ice
Tube ice has huge commercial usage in most sectors, probably because of its shape, melting properties, and production process. Its size keeps around 45 mm in length normally, and the thickness typically around 25 mm.
Its production efficiency is optimum, as no saline solution and cans required in its production. Its making saves 15% electricity as compared to flake or block ice. Its smooth surface doesn’t damage fishes like other jagged surfaced ice could do. Only drawback, this ice melts faster than drier flake ice.
Tube ice has multiple usages in cooling processes and controlling the rising temperature to keep the fishes fresh and beverage bottles freezing. People also like to consume tube ice with food or beverages. In nutshell, its usage is widespread across many industries.
- Seafood processing
- Chemical Industries making colors & pigments
- Chicken & meat processing
- Hospitality sector
How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Tube Ice?
As per its name, tube ice has solid tube form as the water is frozen in the tubes inside the ice maker, frozen vertically within its tubular casing or the freezing chamber. The warm gas passed through the tubes to help the frozen tube-ice to slide down from the frozen pipes of ice maker.
4. Cube Ice
Cube ice making machines are categorized in small ice making machines. Its capacity can vary between 30 Kg to 1755 Kg per day.
These cubes are handy being whether frozen in the home freezer or produced by commercial ice making machines. It lacks the clouding noticed in many ice forms, as water freezes too quickly in them. This clouding is because of the gases released. Mostly the purified water used in its making helps in clearer cubes.
The cube Ices are used mostly in:
- Skincare applications
- In Hospitality Industry
- In dairy production and processing plants
How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Cube Ice?
Cube maker machines are vertical devices with the lower part being the ice bin and upper part being evaporator. The refrigeration process takes place in the middle that freezes the water into cubes after the heat exchange. When completely frozen, cubes fell into the bin to be taken out.
5. Nuggets Ice
Nuggets draw people’s fancy because these are light, airy, small, coarse in texture, and not fully hardened more like flakes but more even in sizes. This ice is known as the good to chew compressed ice flakes that helps enhance the taste of drinks.
Sonic ice lovers love this ice for its soft good taste. It stays longer than the crushed ice in open. Its unique size is loved by many.
Nuggets Ice usage is widespread:
- To cool Beverages
- Used for special cocktails
- In restaurants for freezing marine food
Its ice machines are counter-top type with compact box and a glass front, where one can watch the accumulating ice in there.
6. Block Ice