The ice breaks many cold relationships, when ice cubes are poured into the drinks. The ice has become a necessity in the modern era for multiple reasons. The ice in different forms is needed for industrial to home for several applications. Hence, Ice Making Machines have also become important gadgets in the contemporary era. The ice making machines are available in different models with unique features.

Significantly, the info on different types and shapes of ice and ice makers can help you to focus on types of ice that you need. Of course, considering your penchant for beverages, food displays, special events, and assorted commercial needs.

Basically, any ice maker has components that make the ice making possible:

  • Refrigeration
  • Controls
  • Dispenser,
  • Water as raw material to make ice
  • The power supply to run motors

How Ice Maker works – Generic Overview

Basically, at home freezer one pours the water into the mold, leave it in the freezer until it turns solid and then extract the ice cubes. The ice maker works on the same methodology, but with certain automation of pouring water and taking out solid ice cubes.

The refrigeration basically has four segments.

  • The compressor- The compressor compresses the low-pressure vapors and sends them to the condenser at high-pressure.
  • Condenser- Here that vapor is condensed into high-pressure liquid
  • Throttle valve- That liquid is drained out through throttle valve to convert into the low-pressure liquid.
  • Evaporator- Here in the evaporator, the heat exchange happens that helps freeze and make ice.

8 Types of Ice: Its Application and How Ice Machine Produces It

Ice can be made in diverse shapes and for different purposes by different varieties of ice making machines. This will help you to focus on certain type of ice applicable for the purpose like beverages, food showcase, and social events & parties.

1. Scale Ice

The scale ice is not consistent in size although its thickness remains between 1 to 2 mm. This ice is used in commercial fishing, reactor cooling, and concrete cooling.

Among its main users are three sectors:

  • Fishing – These large pieces of ice are good for layering and preserving the fishes till they reach its storing or market destination. +2°C is the maximum temperature required to sustain and preserve the fishes until certain duration, otherwise -7°C is mandatory.
  • Construction- For concrete mixer cooling, the scale or flake ice is required.
  • Reactors – These are required to be cooled by ice.

How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Scale Ice?

Scale ice is made in distinct horizontal or vertical drums of the industrial ice makers. The scale ice forms on the inner and outer drums by applying a thin layer of water. After freezing process, a thin layer of scale ice is visible which is hammered, chiseled out in large and thin pieces, and kept under -7°C.

The scale ice making machines are either vertical, which is stationary or horizontal type of drum that rotates. To crack them vertical drums have moving blades and in rotating horizontal type the blades remain stationary to crack the hard ice from the surface. Its production cost rises when 1 MT ice is produced, hence anything less than 5 MT is not viable. The ice making machines of capacity from 5 MT to 30 MT are generally available.

2. Granular Ice

Alike scale ice, granular ice is also the flake ice that is used for commercial purpose. Its size varies from 1 mm to 9 mm in thickness. The thinner granular ice is called crushed ice, fine ice, or even micro ice. The medium and bigger sized ice grains are called flake ice or chip ice.

These ice-making machines produce 30 Kg to 1500 kg of ice. Its maximum production is 10 MT per day as this is the maximum capacity designed for this category. Suitable for the warm environment and be stored for long without getting lumps between +2°C to +10°C. This can’t be stored below 0° and its production cost above 15 MT proves expensive.

Granular ice is used commercially for different purposes.

  • Meatpacking
  • Bakeries
  • Labs
  • Fish storage by retailers and supermarkets

3. Tube Ice

Tube ice has huge commercial usage in most sectors, probably because of its shape, melting properties, and production process. Its size keeps around 45 mm in length normally, and the thickness typically around 25 mm.

Its production efficiency is optimum, as no saline solution and cans required in its production. Its making saves 15% electricity as compared to flake or block ice. Its smooth surface doesn’t damage fishes like other jagged surfaced ice could do. Only drawback, this ice melts faster than drier flake ice.

Tube ice has multiple usages in cooling processes and controlling the rising temperature to keep the fishes fresh and beverage bottles freezing. People also like to consume tube ice with food or beverages. In nutshell, its usage is widespread across many industries.

  • Seafood processing
  • Chemical Industries making colors & pigments
  • Bakeries
  • Chicken & meat processing
  • Hospitality sector

How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Tube Ice?

As per its name, tube ice has solid tube form as the water is frozen in the tubes inside the ice maker, frozen vertically within its tubular casing or the freezing chamber. The warm gas passed through the tubes to help the frozen tube-ice to slide down from the frozen pipes of ice maker.

4. Cube Ice

Cube ice making machines are categorized in small ice making machines. Its capacity can vary between 30 Kg to 1755 Kg per day.

These cubes are handy being whether frozen in the home freezer or produced by commercial ice making machines. It lacks the clouding noticed in many ice forms, as water freezes too quickly in them. This clouding is because of the gases released. Mostly the purified water used in its making helps in clearer cubes.

The cube Ices are used mostly in:

  • Beverages
  • Skincare applications
  • Hospitals
  • In Hospitality Industry
  • In dairy production and processing plants

How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Cube Ice?

Cube maker machines are vertical devices with the lower part being the ice bin and upper part being evaporator. The refrigeration process takes place in the middle that freezes the water into cubes after the heat exchange. When completely frozen, cubes fell into the bin to be taken out.

5. Nuggets Ice

Nuggets draw people’s fancy because these are light, airy, small, coarse in texture, and not fully hardened more like flakes but more even in sizes. This ice is known as the good to chew compressed ice flakes that helps enhance the taste of drinks.

Sonic ice lovers love this ice for its soft good taste. It stays longer than the crushed ice in open. Its unique size is loved by many.

Nuggets Ice usage is widespread:

  • To cool Beverages
  • Used for special cocktails
  • In restaurants for freezing marine food

Its ice machines are counter-top type with compact box and a glass front, where one can watch the accumulating ice in there.

6. Block Ice

Block Ice is the traditional ice before other ice types came into the reckoning.

These blocks ice pieces have been used in practically everywhere from beverages, food preservation, fishes and meats protection from deterioration due to heat, and in construction, and chemical industries.

How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Block Ice?

Block ice manufacturing is one of the oldest methods to freeze water to get ice in the blocks of minimum 20 kg to maximum 150 kg.  Steel cans are filled with the water and dipped in the low-temperature brine and a thickness of minimum 7-inches are kept for its longer stability in transportation, loading & unloading.

Its freezing time is minimum 18 hours and maximum 24 hours to freeze solidly. Once the ice is frozen solid, the lifting machines are used to put the can into the warmer water. The brine temperature setting is done so that the ice blocks do not crack.

The new automatic block ice making machines can handle more blocks per day at the expense of two handlers only. The technological advancement can hurry the ice made by the rapid ice method. In this method, a primary refrigerant is distributed in the cans of water through pipes or small apertures. That rapid freezing saves energy and manpower of the plants and adds up to their profits.

7. Crescent Ice

The half-moon shape is the reasons for the nomenclature of the Crescent ice. It’s unique for its design and application. The benefit of its design is that the flat surface on one side of the crescent ice allows the liquid to flow over it and all ice pieces do not accumulate at one place. Its crescent shape allows less splash and better movement of ice in the beverage. Its unique shape offers and holds optimum storage in the ice bin.

Crescent ice gets its name from its half-moon shape. Due to its unique shape and utility people love them. Not only does this result is less splash and better displacement within your beverages, its unique shape also allows for maximum storage within the ice bin.

This ice is in demand in most parties where they are finicky about the ice cubes making the splash that throws some part of the drink out of the glass. Soft drink makers love this for its unique shape and benefits.

All Crescent Ice Makers produce clear crescent-shaped ice. The exclusive shape of ice makes this ice a multipurpose variant for splash-free serving soft drinks, fish transportation, and laser therapy. The ice makers include a stainless-steel evaporator to produce a full bin of ice. Crescent ice pieces when mixed with drinks do not pack together but in the bin, they pack well to accommodate good quantity.

Crescent Ice machines are for all purposes and capacities. These produce ice for home, restaurants, and commercial purposes. Portable Ice Maker are Ideal for camping, picnics, and excursions.

  • Outdoor Ice maker- For Barbecue, outdoor parties, and family gatherings
  • Commercial Ice maker- For restaurants, fish transportation, and mass requirement.
  • Built-in Ice maker- For homes, cafes, and restaurant for under the counter-purpose.

8. Gourmet Ice

Gourmet ice cubes have their own unique shape of a ‘shot glass’ and do not dilute the flavor of drink as quickly as other types of ice do. The scotch may taste indifferent in taste if the lower quality ice cubes are used.

Gourmet ice is typically bigger than the full cubes and half cubes. This has completely neutral taste because it is devoid of all impurities while making.  Its machines do not churn out more ice per hour, as the ice making machine crafts them, hence those take the long time to deliver.

Gourmet ice compliments big occasions, banquet services, and upscale restaurants for serving this clearest and purest form of ice in drinks.

How Does Ice Making Machine Produce Gourmet Ice?

The machines for this process are refrigerator type, below the counter or counter-top type. To deliver the cleanest ice the air is eliminated during freezing, thus all the impurities settle down in the reservoir and only purest ice form is frozen. This purity will transpire to the tongue when one taste scotch pouring this ice. The impure ice has clouding in the middle that tastes funny when poured in the drink.


The reference of various ice forms is given here for understanding how the normal process of making ice is different to the new world techniques. Old process with its limited resources had some shortcomings. Such as: –

  • The impurities earlier used to leave ice cloudy.
  • Those impurities caused a distinct flavor of the ice that varied from place to place. That oddity in the taste was not likable.
  • That ice was good only for fish and meat protection during transportation or storing. Also for the sodas and soft drinks where its odd flavor is camouflaged by other flavors.

As described, every type of ice has its unique identity and application. Whether it is aimed for your scotch glasses, soft drinks, cocktails, fishes’ transportation, construction or industrial purpose the use of ice is undeniable. Hence, the ice makers are designed for routine and customized ice production.

If your are interested to buy an Ice making machine, find out more about our Ice Making Machines here.